Alcohol

Alcohol is a legal, controlled substance that lowers anxiety and inhibitions. With habitual use, a person builds up tolerance to alcohol and meaning that each time they use alcohol they must consume more to achieve the effects.

Alcohol

Other Names:

Booze

How Does It Affect Your System?

Alcohol is a central nervous system (CNS) depressant and it slows down mental and bodily processes. With the first drink of alcohol, users may experience a decrease in feelings of anxiety or stress. With excessive or prolonged use, users may experience "black outs" gaps in memory or even death.

What Are The Symptoms & Risk

Alcohol is a legal drug, but one that carries a significant risk of addiction. Some of the most common physical, psychological, and behavioral signs and symptoms of alcohol abuse are:

Poor coordination
Slurred speech
Impaired thinking
Memory impairment
Having a desire to stop or decrease drinking but being unable to do so
Diverting energy from work, family, and social life in order to drink
Being secretive about the extent of the alcohol abuse in order to protect it
Engaging in risky behavior, such as drunk driving
Being in denial about the extent of the alcohol abuse problem
Becoming distressed at the prospect of not having access to alcohol
Feeling powerless to control one’s level of alcohol use
Declining to engage in social activities or hobbies that used to be of interest
Using alcohol in high-risk situations, such as while swimming or driving
Devoting significant time and resources to drinking
Developing a tolerance for alcohol (i.e., needing more alcohol over time to match the feelings from earlier use)
Experiencing cravings for alcohol when not drinking
Experiencing withdrawal symptoms when not drinking (e.g., cravings, sweating, shaking, and nausea)
Facing problems at work, home, or school because of alcohol use
In reaction to the discomfort associated with withdrawal, having to drink to feel better
Continuing to use alcohol even when it is leading to social, physical, relationship, and personal problems

When a person who regularly abuses alcohol stops drinking or significantly reduces the amount of intake, withdrawal symptoms will emerge. Such symptoms can begin as soon as two hours after the last drink and continue for weeks. Symptoms can include shaking, anxiety, and the desire for a drink. Delirium tremens (DTs), a severe withdrawal symptom, can include confusion, fever, and rapid heartbeat. There is a general advisement that alcohol withdrawal should occur under the care of a doctor specialized in addiction treatment, as some withdrawal symptoms can be life-threatening.

Detoxing Symptoms (Withdrawl)

Detoxing from alcohol can cause withdrawal symptoms that range in intensity. Withdrawal from alcohol use generally begins between 6 and 24 hours following your last drink. Withdrawal symptoms often become worse the longer and higher quantities of alcohol you drink. Advanced age and a history of past withdrawals can also worsen the intensity of withdrawals.

Alcohol detox symptoms can create a host of concerns with some of these requiring medical attention due to their potentially life-threatening effects. If you or a loved one experiences symptoms of alcohol detox withdrawal, seek medical attention immediately. Symptoms of alcohol detox withdrawal include:

Sweating
Elevated heart rate
Poor appetite
Vomiting
Nausea
Sensitivity to light, sound, and touch
Shakiness
Insomnia
Nightmares
Changes in mood
Difficulty concentrating or with memory
Poor judgment
Delusions
Hallucinations
Seizures


Withdrawal symptoms can have life-threatening consequences if left untreated. Delirium Tremens (DTs) can contribute to increased respiratory and cardiac concerns. If you have DTs, you might experience intense shakiness, hallucinations, and body tremors. Due to the medical risks of withdrawal and the potential for DTs, you may require medical supervision to detox safely.

Detoxing Safely

The goal of detox includes managing symptoms of withdrawal and disrupting patterns of alcohol use. The physical and psychological symptoms of withdrawal can last several weeks so it’s important to stabilize symptoms and plan for the present and future treatment. Each person, and each episode of withdrawal, presents different concerns. The initial evaluation can help determine where you need to receive care.  A blended approach to detox uses social and medical tools to meet the shifting challenges posed by withdrawal and alcohol detox symptoms. Different medications can treat withdrawal based on symptom severity. Medications used in alcohol detox include:

Pain relievers
Anti-diarrheal medications
Anti-emetic medications
Benzodiazepines
Gabapentin
Clonidine
Naltrexone
Acamprosate
Disulfiram

You are not alone. You deserve to get help for your substance use disorder. 
AHR team of top medical experts specialize in dual diagnosis treatment and are committed to ensuring that each patient is treated as an individual.